Age-related changes in the spine
Spine – the main pillar of our body , which over the years , like all organs and systems , is also subject to change. So , intervertebral discs gradually become thinner and bone tissue due to various negative factors undergoes degenerative- dystrophic changes .
As a rule, the above changes are observed in the age of 45-50 years , which is a normal variant . If these processes have been reported in persons under 40 years old, it is likely that it is a pathological process .
Unfortunately , I must admit that today the disease of the spinal column noticeably younger. Most doctors attribute this state of affairs with a sedentary lifestyle , metabolic disorders , obesity ( thereby increasing the load on the spine ) , poor environmental conditions and many other factors .
The first ” strike” on the intervertebral discs
The first signs of age-related changes occur in the intervertebral discs. There are several reasons . First, the food deteriorates with age cartilage , including due to multiple microtraumas that were obtained throughout life . Furthermore, compressed blood vessels surrounding the disk , thereby deteriorating its power . Sedentary lifestyle , bad habits and overweight only promote ( accelerate ) the development of such disorders. On the ability to make everyday walking outdoors , swim and lead an active lifestyle. This will strengthen the bloodstream and stimulates metabolism , which would prolong the youth of the spine.
With age, the intervertebral disk is reduced quantity of water , but instead accumulates magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, fluoride , which leads to loss of elasticity and firmness . Usually , the beginning of this pathological process makes itself felt discomfort , which can then lead to the development of other diseases , such as degenerative disc disease, which can affect any of the spine .
Further loss of water , also lose vertebrae minerals. As a result, the spine may shrink and warp .
Besides the spine, over the years, degenerative changes occur in the muscles, which increases the likelihood of displacement , hernia and protrusion of intervertebral disks .
The effect on the nervous system
Due to mineral deposition on the edges of the vertebral bodies are formed distinctive bony outgrowths – osteophytes . When Pumping osteophytes vertebrae lose their mobility , as well as by reduced lumen stenosis intervertebral foramina . So compressed nerve roots , which leads to such diseases of the nervous system , as lumbodynia , sciatica , cervicalgia , and painful symptoms by type of lumbago .
If the compressed nerve roots at the base of the head , in this case there are frequent headaches and deteriorating eyesight . Compression of the nerves in the thoracic region fraught with the development of gastrointestinal symptoms. Flattened lower thoracic nerves can lead to kidney problems and chair.
Most people with back problems much easier to feel in the morning. This is primarily due to the holiday , because the horizontal position of the load on the spine is not as significant , especially if the patient is overweight . In addition, during the night the human spine is slightly elongated. Therefore, persons in the morning , typically a few centimeters above.
How to keep fit
The best prevention of diseases of vertebrates – an active lifestyle , nutrition and optimal striping work with rest. If you have excess weight , start losing weight right now . With every kilogram lost spine will feel the significant relief .
In addition, in the elderly suitable courses manual therapy , massage , physical therapy and exercise therapy. If you have back problems , contact a qualified , including which will give you advice about your lifestyle.